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La chaire du Machrek, Collège de France

The Collège de France, which is an institute of higher education where basic research is jointly pursued and taught, was founded by François I, King of France from 1515 to 1547.

The teaching does not deal with established knowledge but with knowledge in the making ; it changes every year, in accordance with the latest research and has no pre-established pattern. Part of the teaching may be given in French institutions of higher education, outside Paris, in France or other countries ; or in Universities and research centers abroad. Most Professors are in charge of a laboratory or a research center.